Municipal Court: Crime to Sentencing

     • Ordinance violation committed
     • Police investigation
     • Suspect arrested
     • Complaint filed
     • Arraignment
     • Trial/Plea/Diversion
     • Verdict after trial
     • Pre-sentence investigation
     • Sentencing
     • Probation/Parole hearing
     • Optional exercise of right to appeal
     • District Court arraignment
     • Trial/Plea/Diversion - District Court
     • Verdict after trial
     • Pre-sentence investigation
     • Sentencing

Under Kansas law, a defendant has certain rights.  The defendant can be brought to trial only after a complaint or citation has been filed.  The defendant has the right to examine all the evidence against him or her including any and all police reports pertaining to the case.  Therefore, if you have any concern about the defendant having access to your address or telephone number, you need to relay that information to the Victim-Witness Coordinator.

On extremely rare occasions, witnesses are threatened.  Anyone who threatens you in connection with the case in which you are involved, either in or out of court, may have committed a new ordinance violation.  Immediately contact your local police department and report the threat.

TRIAL - In a trial, the Municipal Prosecutor presents the case and has the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant did commit the ordinance violation.  The defendant may present evidence, but is not obligated to do so. Furthermore, a defendant may not be compelled to testify.  The trial will be to the Judge of the Municipal Court.

SUBPOENA - Approximately 10 days before the trial the court will mail you a letter at the last known address the court has for you.  It will tell you when and where to testify.  You should notify the Victim-Witness Coordinator if your home or work address or telephone numbers change.  The court may impose a penalty if you fail to obey the subpoena.

WITNESS TESTIMONY - As a witness for the City, you have an important part in the trial.  You will be questioned by the prosecutor about who you are and what you know about the case.  The defendant's attorney may then cross-examine you (question you about your knowledge in this case).  You may feel during some of the questioning that your personal motives are doubted, but the process of cross-examination is necessary to assure that all sides of the case are told and to establish the truth.  If you have questions about what will happen at trial discuss your concerns with the prosecutor prior to trial.

What if the defense attorney contacts me about the case?
You may discuss the case with the defense attorney if you wish, although you have no legal obligation to do so.